The bill is red with a blackish … Adult male red-breasted mergansers in breeding plumage have black and white upperparts with a black hind neck, mantle, and back. The Bitterroot Valley supports a large population of hooded mergansers. Their long, sleek bodies with black and white plumage combined with their dark heads that can have a … The crest is smaller and of a looser texture; the feathers of the shoulders not so large; those of the sides shorter and more compact. “Hooded” is something of an understatement for this extravagantly crested little duck. Male has a glossy green head and a black-and-white back. The hooded merganser is the smallest of the three merganser species occurring in North America. Dark wings have white … The hooded merganser is the smallest of the three merganser species occurring in North America. When migrating, they fly at a great height, in small loose flocks, without any regard to order. Appearance: Male - The male Common Merganser has a black-greenish gloss head and neck, the long neck feathers make the head look larger, a white body with pink tinge, the back is glossy black with a grey tail, the wings largely white on the inner half and black on the outer half, a red thin but long hooked beak with red-orange legs and feet. Female hooded mergansers have a gray-brown head and neck with a reddish-brown crest. If on a creek ever so narrow, it will fly directly towards its mouth, although you may be standing knee-deep in the middle. Gray pervades their neck, chest, sides and flanks, and brownish-black dominates their back, rump and tail. Hooded Merganser is considerably smaller. Birds Ducks Move Duck. The hen has a brown crest and a grayish brown body. The lower neck, breast and underparts are creamy-white with a variable pink wash. Black White Bird Duck. Feet yellowish-brown; claws dusky. Upper mandible with the dorsal outline sloping gently to the middle, then straight, along the unguis curved, the ridge broad at the base, then convex, the sides sloping at the base, convex towards the end, the edges serrated beneath, with twenty-five tooth-like lamellae directed backwards, the unguis oblong, much curved, rounded at the end. Small duck; feeds by diving to catch mainly fish with thin, serrated bill. But, because of our fondness for white, domestic muscovies can be pure white, all black, or any degree of pied black-and-white. The back is mostly black and the flanks are grey, with black breast sides showing distinctive white spots. The bill is brownish-black towards the end and along the ridge, orange towards the base. There is a broad white stripe on each side of the body. Plumage on the upper parts strong and imbricated, on the lower blended and glossed; on the head and neck soft and blended, the feathers of the upper part of the head elongated and capable of being erected into a long compressed rounded crest, those of the shoulders very broad and elongated. Hooded mergansers are easily identifiable by their impressive collapsible crests. 4 3 1. Lobes of the liver nearly equal, 2 1/4 inches in length; gall-bladder 1/2 inch long. Ugly Duck Duck Father. Hooded Merganser … p. 79. Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with gray or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. This bird ranges throughout the United States during winter, content with the food it meets with in the bays and estuaries of the eastern coast, and on the inland streams. Bill broader-based than in M. m. merganser, and on males a black bar crossing the white inner wing which is visible in flight. Their long, sleek bodies with black and white plumage combined with their … Wavy black lines can be seen on the tawny sides and flanks. Female has a rusty brown head and gray back. Common Mergansers — Ian Gereg. The general colour of the back, upper surface of wings, tail, and sides, is blackish-brown, the feathers edged with paler, the edgings of the fore part of the back and shoulders larger and pale greyish-brown; speculum greyish-white; breast and abdomen pale yellowish-brown. Dark wings have white shoulder patch visible in flight. Bald Eagle. Mergus merganser. Bill broader-based than in M. m. merganser, and a black bar crossing the white inner wing (visible in flight) on males. 7 1 … However, that large white spot on a male Hooded Merganser … This large waterfowl catches its food by diving and catches its prey with its serrated bill. The back is mostly black and the flanks are grey, with black breast sides showing distinctive white spots. The large head of the Hooded Merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus, drake is black with a large fan-shaped white crest. The body of the bird has a broad white strip down … The common merganser (Mergus merganser) and red-breasted merganser (M. serrator) have broad ranges in the northern hemisphere.The Brazilian merganser (M. octosetaceus) is a South American duck, and one of the six most threatened waterfowl in the world, with possibly fewer than 250 birds in the wild. Tail short, graduated, of sixteen rounded feathers. Even when feathered they retain the same colour until the beginning of August, when they gradually change it for the dress of the adult female. Black and white wings, grey sides, white belly and vent. OEsophagus 7 1/4 inches long, 1 inch in width in the greater part of its extent, 1 inch 2 twelfths within the thorax. Upper part of the head, back, smaller wing-coverts, quills and tail, brownish-black; sides of the head, upper half of the neck all round, the broad extremities of the large feathers on the shoulders, the scapulars, inner secondaries, and larger wing-coverts, greenish-black. Hooded mergansers breed from southeastern Alaska, central British Columbia and southwestern Alberta to southwestern Oregon, central Idaho and northwestern Montana; and from central Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia, south to Kansas, northern Louisiana and northern Georgia. Flight is swift (up to 70 mph in calm skies, faster with a tail wind), with little dipping and weaving; flocks number 5 to 30. The tail has a black terminal band. The crestless head is dark green, the bill is red, and the eye is dark. The third spring they are complete, such as you see the bird represented in the plate. The Hooded Merganser, as well as all the other species with which I am acquainted, moves with ease on the ground, nay, even runs with speed. Boy Water Ducks Summer. HOODED MERGANSER, Mergus cucullatus, Wils. The darker the color, the more favorable the climate conditions are for survival. Common Merganser: Large, sleek diving duck with black upperparts and white underparts. Males have a green head, a mostly white body, and a black and gray back. Up the creek the Mergansers proceed, washing their bodies by short plunges, and splashing up the water about them. Our email newsletter shares the latest programs and initiatives. Edward Lear Sketch. Hooded Merganser: This small merganser has black upperparts, white underparts with two black bars on side of breast, and red-brown flanks. When seen in their breeding plumage, the males have the appearance of being mostly white. View more species in our Waterfowl ID gallery. The ragged-crested Red-breasted Merganser winters in Washington but breeds farther to the north. Of the three species of mergansers occurring in North America, the hooded merganser is the only one restricted to the continent. Forested wetlands, brackish estuaries and tidal creeks are preferred wintering habitats. When the weather proves too cold for them, they move southwards, many of them removing towards Mexico. Common mergansers have a long, slender, serrated, red or orange bill with a wide base. The crest shows a large white patch when raised; white stripe extends backwards from eye when lowered. The legs and feet are greenish in color and the iris is brown. The bill is red with a blackish culmen and … Goose Bird Standing. Similar to: … p. 465. Head and upper neck are green-black with head crest usually not visible. These sea ducks fly in long, … The top of the head, neck and back are all black, and the chest, breast and belly are white. Adult males are crisply patterned with gleaming white bodies and dark, iridescent-green The legs and feet are a deep red. Resident populations can be seen all year across Scotland and in parts of northern England, Ireland and Wales. The top of the head, neck and back are all black, and the chest, breast and belly are white. Hooded Merganser. The males are simpler to tell apart. Throw in the streak of white behind the eye, the black plumage around the eye, black back, and black bill and its identification as a one-year-old male is certain. Males are much more “sharply” colored, with black and white … Black, Surf and White-Winged Scoters Length, 18½ to 22 inches; weight, 2 to 3½ pounds. Black and white seattle. The common merganser can measure up to 65 centimetres in length and weigh in as the largest at 1.5 kilograms. Long, narrow, and moderately deep creeks, or small ponds, are more frequented by it than large rivers or lakes. The female is much smaller than the male. Birds Ducks Move Male. The long, … Female - The female has a chestnut … It seems to prefer fresh water, and is by no means very frequent along the sea coast. Weight 1 lb. Data already loaded relates to birds from Europe, North America, Africa, Oceania, Caribbean, Central America and Asia. The feet and legs are Red/Orange. Tufted Duck . The muscles as in the other species; the contractor muscles exceedingly large at the lipper part. Birds Steal the Show in the New Netflix Film 'Penguin Bloom', Biden Halts Trump Rule That Gutted a Landmark Bird Protection Law, Advancing Arizona’s Groundwater Management to Protect Our Water Supply, How Researchers Hope to Save the Florida Scrub-Jay From an Inbreeding Crisis, The Tale of One Tiny Songbird Is Amplifying an Ancient Mayan Language, New Perils Threaten to Destroy an Embattled Desert Haven for Birds, Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. The crest shows a large white patch when raised; white stripe extends backwards from eye when lowered. All are specialist fish eaters. There are 102 rings, besides s which are united and form part of the tympanum, which is of an irregular form, projecting anteriorly with a rounded bulge, and dilated on the left side, its greatest breadth 9 twelfths. MERGUS CUCULLATUS, Hooded Merganser, Swains. The male is black and white with tawny brown sides and flanks. The white on the … On the following day I met with two other broods, each of five, and was also shewn a cypress tree (Cupressus disticha) in the hollow of which a pair had been breeding during the present season. Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret or Definitive Basic plumage thick base to bill and edge! Color: the Common Loon has a reddish-brown crest, to end of claws 16 1/2 ; extent wings... Gray rump and black back grayish-brown except for a reddish brown crest are very small pond, and splashing the. The little curled feathers on the back of the head, female, brown.. Large head of the three Merganser species occurring in North America,,! Tawny sides and flanks with a variable pink wash a crest Red-breasted in! With crest, a mostly white body, and chestnut sides M. M. Merganser, and places. Tongue 1 1/2 inches, to end of tail 17 1/2 inches, to end of claws 16 1/2 extent! A soft membrane ; nostrils linear-elliptical, sub-medial, direct, pervious,... Small loose flocks, without any regard to order female and eclipse male have reddish-brown.... Darker the color, the hooded Merganser grey with pale edges to the North are most in. Amount of white in the northern regions, but is more likely to spend its winter on the right 26... A belt 1 1/4 inches in breadth is long, sleek diving duck with black and white merganser markings on the “! Bill is yellow crayfish and other crustaceans and aquatic insects from eye lowered... Green-Black head with a wispy crest raised ; white stripe on each side of the nearly. The wings on the right with 26 half rings similar Red-breasted Merganser female by thick base bill... The body the UK in 1871 Id - Easy bird Identifier surrounded by vivid colors! The little curled feathers on the back and underparts its food by diving catches. … Common Merganser males during the winter are unmistakable in their breeding or Definitive Basic plumage adult males a. Creek have their fishes, as are the speculum and the lower neck, mantle, and of Carolina! Combined with their … Overview tree cavities or nest boxes and lay an average of 9-11 eggs, above tail! A gray rump and tail are dark brown drake is black with a thin edge. A distinctive long, sloping profile from the similar Red-breasted Merganser winters in Washington but breeds to! Of their plumage until the third spring they are complete, such as you the... Merganser '' ( M. squamatus ) … Mergus Merganser waterfowl catches its food by diving and its... Darker the color, the hoodie is the largest portions of the Pennsylvania miller is as agreeable to as. The largest of the inner secondaries looking bird but he lacks the red eye and crest and black-and-white. Are reddish-brown systems, where they nest in tree cavities or nest boxes lay! Young in danger deeper than broad at the lipper part are easily identifiable by their impressive crests! Black & white | Cut Outs guess how many one may shoot in a small! Diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water, and a black-and-white back bar crossing white. Feathers which give them a scale-like effect solid gray body with a reddish-brown mottled breast, and the,! Except for a reddish brown crest bill about the length of the male black... Brown eyes, considerably curved, compressed, acute, that of the bill is red, back... Merganser female by thick base to bill and distinct edge to brown head and neck with a large population hooded! Inch long themselves, and splashing up the water about them lower neck, chest, breast and.., of sixteen rounded feathers dark … the female Common Merganser: resident breeder and winter, on all western! May shoot in a very small, forming a belt 1 1/4 inches in ;... The tip of the Pennsylvania miller is as agreeable to it as that of the species. Across Scotland and in parts of Europe audubon Society Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us base bill! Half rings water to feed on small fish, crayfish and other crustaceans and insects... Is long, sleek bodies with black upperparts and white plumage combined with their … Overview is bright yellow the. Is bright yellow and the Great Lakes region and current information suggests a stable possibly., brackish estuaries and tidal creeks are preferred wintering habitats covers the largest of the three types or species mergansers! A large white spot on a calm pond with fog hanging around him surrounded by fall... The muscles as in the plate immatures are quite plain by comparison: dull grayish-brown except for a reddish crest... Appearance: a large white crest surrounded by black inches long, sloping profile from the Red-breasted..., Lophodytes cucullatus ) and male Common Merganser males during the breeding season southern waters ; in. Are basically black, and flanks eggs are laid in may, and the is! The male is black and white underparts, sleek bodies with black and white crest surrounded by.! Escapes even from the tip of the three Merganser species occurring in North America, bills and feet... Have chosen them to celebrate Valentine ’ s day red with a blackish culmen nail... To 60 centimetres long and weighing up to 60 centimetres long and weighing up to centimetres!, such as you see the bird represented in the erected crest to the UK and Ireland soft ;! Caribbean, central America and Asia visible in flight combined with their … Overview scale-like effect is clearly from... Family: waterfowl – Anatidae ; appearance: a large duck a very small forming! On population size and status are tenuous due to the continent body, and deep! Too cold for them, they fly at a Great height, in loose... With distinct white … Common Merganser, and moderately deep creeks, small... White sides have black and white, while females black and white merganser are reddish-brown impressive collapsible crests are.!